The Types of Livestock Suitable For Beginner Farmers

A number of people who live in the city make a decision to leave the city life that they grew up knowing and move to the country side to start a new chapter of their lives as agriculture or livestock farmers.

Living in the country side is not as bad as some people would think. Obvious the conditions you will be living in will be different from the ones you are used to, but with time you will begin to get used to this way of living which is very refreshing because you living far away from the busy city life.

When moving to the country side you will have to get some large land especially if you want to raise various types of livestock. The land has to be fertile and have some reliable source of water. Raising livestock requires green land because livestock that is raise on green pasture is healthier than livestock raised on factory produced feed. The produce too tastes a lot better and sells for a higher price on the markets.

Raising livestock requires you to be dedicated and have time to look after your livestock. They need you to care for them by feeding and giving them enough clean water every day. You also have to build them some shelter and have a veterinarian to come check on them every once in a while.

As a beginner livestock farmer you may not know what type of livestock you can raise on your farm. Some type of livestock requires more care than others and may not be suitable for beginner farmers. But there’s no need to worry about that because below you are going to get guidelines on the type of livestock you can start raising as a beginner and how to raise them the healthy way.

Raise Chickens:

Chickens are the first type of livestock suitable for the beginner farmer, they are easy to manage, eat less food and can be slaughtered easily than most livestock. These birds can be raised to feed your family with fresh eggs and meat. But you can also raise them to sell to the ever growing market demand.

Raising chickens requires you to check on them on daily bases since you have to feed and give them clean water. They should be provided with nourishing corn and healthy organic chicken fed bought from your local farmer’s store.

One wonderful things about chickens is that they can even eat your left over’s and pests found in your garden. And as they are busy in your garden their ‘waste’ which is rich is good for fertilizing your garden or lawn.

Proper housing is also very important for your chickens. A chicken coop will offer some shelter for the birds when the temperatures are too cold or hot. It will also protect your birds from predators such as hawks, cats and dogs that can harm them. The coop should be large enough to accommodate all of your chickens. The chickens should be able to rest and lay their eggs without over crowding each other.

The inside of the chicken coop should be kept clean so to discourage the development of germs that can infect your birds. To do this you can sweep and mop the floor at list once a week, the chicken manure can be put as a heap on the side of the coop to be used as compost for your garden or lawn. And at list twice a year the entire coop should be sterilized so that it doesn’t become infested with lice.

Raise Ducks:

Besides raising chickens another type of bird you can raise are ducks. To raise ducks is not done by a lot of farmers and main reason being that they think ducks require a lot to manage than chickens. The matter of fact is ducks can be easily raised just like chickens.

Ducks can be raised for fresh eggs and meat. Their eggs contain more calcium, vitamins and iron than the ones produced by chickens. Duck meat taste great and sells at a higher price than that of chicken. Besides all these benefits they are natural adorable creatures that will be of interest to your kids.

When raising ducks you have to first make up your mind on what type of breed you want, the type you choose will be determined by your reason to raising the ducks. There are ducks that are great for egg production such as the Peking Duck. On the other hand ducks that are good for meat production are the Khaki Campbell Duck. If you thinking of simply raising them as pets then you will want to raise the Call Duck,

Ducks just like chickens consume less food than most livestock. They can be feed crumbles, pellets and non medicated duck mash. To supplement these foods you can give them vegetable greens and allow them to graze the field to eat insects, snails and worms which contain lots of nutrients. And since they have no teeth to chew the food they need enough clean water to wash the food down so make it a point to supply them with fresh water.

Shelter has to be built to house these birds. Duck shelter does not have to be fancy as a chicken coop but it should provide the same benefits such as cover from extreme weather and protection from predators. The floor of the housing should be kept dry and to do this it can be made from bamboo sticks so that the wetness can be absorbed by the bamboo. It also wouldn’t be a bad idea to have a near by pond so the ducks can swim to enjoy and cool themselves down.

Raise Rabbits:

Another type of livestock that is suitable for a beginner farmer is rabbits. This type of livestock is easy to feed, easy to clean and breed. Some farmers think that raising this animal is tricky when in actual fact its not and can easily be done by even a beginner farmer.

Raising rabbits is quiet different from raising chickens or ducks. Rabbits eat different type of food and behave in a different way, the only thing related is that they don’t require lots of land to raise. Since they are quiet animals it’s essential that a farmer knows how to read their body language to tell if they are happy or sick. Get to know how they behave when they are sick so you can attend them and give them the right treatment.

You should also feed your bunny everyday with nutritious food that can be bought from your livestock store. The feed sold from stores usually has a lot of the nutrients needed for a healthy rabbit so there’s no need to worry about feeding them a well balanced diet. But that doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t feed them some fresh green vegetables and fruits. One vegetable we all know is liked by rabbits is carrots, so make sure you have them in your menu.

Housing rabbits doesn’t require lots of land. To house rabbits you should build or buy several hutches with each rabbit occupying a single hutch. The hutch should be large enough to allow the bunny to hop around and be warm at night or winter. If the hutch is located in a well fenced area you can make some opening for the bunny to go through and play outside.

As you see becoming a livestock farmer can be easily done even if you’ve grown up in the city and are new to country living. You just have to know which type of livestock you can raise which won’t be difficult to manage. The three types of livestock discussed above can get you started in becoming a successful livestock farmer even as a complete beginner.

Three Types Of Livestock That Can Be Raised By Beginner Farmers

When people move from the city life to live in the country side they get interested in raising livestock. The reasons may vary as to why people want to raise livestock, some people raise them as pets and some raise them because they want to make some money by selling the livestock produce.

What ever reason may be, raising livestock can be done by almost anyone who is dedicated to being a livestock farmer and someone who is willing to put aside a lot of his time in managing and taking care of their livestock. In order to raise healthy livestock you have to give the animals proper care such as feeding them nutritious food plus clean water on daily bases, building them some good shelter and have them checked by a veterinarian for health issues.

There are various types of livestock you may want to raise as a beginner livestock farmer. Some of them need more care than others and maybe suitable for new farmers to raise. Three types of livestock that are suitable for beginner livestock farmers are goats, cattle and sheep. Below are more details on how you can go about raising them.

Raising Cattle:

A lot of farmers start by raising cattle in their farm ranch. Cattle are a stress free livestock to raise when taking good care of. Their produce such as milk and meat is in high demand in the markets for its nutritious benefits. When you own cattle you will be able provide your family with fresh milk on daily bases and save lots of money in buying milk.

When starting out in raising cattle you have to first choose the kind of breed you want to raise. There are over 800 types of breeds which are in 3 different categories known as the zebus, the hybrids and taurine cattle. Some types of breeds are good for the production of milk whilst others are suitable for meat production.

When raising different types of cattle a farmer should install stalls that separate those that eat grass and hay to those that eat sophisticated feeds.

Since cattle are grazing animals you have to have some large piece of land if you want to raise them. The land in which they graze on has to be well fenced so secure the livestock. For the fence you can either use electrical wiring or use a wood and steel fence. You should also prepare some equipment needed to raise cattle such as pails, water containers and feeding beds.

Although cattle don’t require some sort of roofed shelter that doesn’t mean you can’t build one. A roofed shelter will also help you in storing your livestock equipment and can be used to milk your cows.

Raising Goats:

Goats are another type of livestock that can be raised by a beginner farmer and they are less prone to diseases than cattle. They can also be raised for the production of milk and meat which high in demand and cost more than cattle produce.

When starting out raising goats you have to first make up your mind on what type of goat breed you want to raise. The type of breed depends on the end product you want to produce from your goats, you can either raise goats for the production of fiber, tasty meat and milk that is high in nutrients.

Once you have made up your mind on the type of goat you want to raise you have to decide on the number of goats you are planning on raising. Knowing the number of goats you are planning on raising will help you estimate how large your land should be. One thing to note is that goats reproduce almost every year so the land should be large enough to accommodate the growth of your herd.

Goats also need some shelter to rest at the end of the day. The shelter should be large enough for all your livestock to fit in properly without being over crowded. The shelter should be comfortable so that they can sleep at night and protect them from harsh weather such as too much sunlight, rain and snow. Don’t forget to fence the entire grazing land so that predators don’t attack and kill your herd.

Raising Sheep:

Raising sheep is very interesting and rewarding as raising cattle and goats. These type of livestock can be raised for various reasons such as producing quality wool, producing cheese from its prolific milk and the obvious tender meat. These produce can also be sold since they are in high demand.

Sheep are animals that like grazing the field. If you want to raise healthy sheep then you have to have some large land of green grass for the livestock to graze on. Although feeding your sheep grain supplements plays a big part in their diet, grass fed sheep produce a higher nutritional value produce. Since sheep like grazing in a large group as a livestock farmer it can be daunting to manage them on the field so it would be wise to have a helper dog to assist you.

An essential part of raising sheep is keeping them within their confines, this helps them in not getting lost in the wild and end of being eaten by wild animals such as bobcats, bears and wild dogs. At the same time it helps in keeping these predators out of the grazing area. Using an electrified fence can help a lot and its easy to install as well.

In order to ward off natural elements that can be harmful to your livestock you have to invest some money in building good housing for your sheep. When designing the house make sure you build a chute to manage the sheep when you need to make some checkups on each and everyone of them or when vaccinating them.

As you see raising livestock can be done by almost anyone even if you don’t have any past experience or were not raised in a farm ranch. Just like any other type of pet they need to be taken care for and make sure they leave in comfortable conditions.

When starting out its best to first start with raising one type of livestock then move on to another type when you have gotten the experience from your first set of livestock.